Menopause Patient Information

This list of resources has been assembled by the ICGP’s Director of Women’s Health, Dr Nóirín O’Herlihy and the ICGP’s GP Clinical Lead in Women’s Health, Dr Ciara McCarthy. The 5 short videos below are here to give you some general information about Menopause, what it is, how it is diagnosed, and what to expect from its treatment.

1. What is Menopause?

Dr Ciara McCarthy explains what Menopause is and the symptoms you may experience.

Menopause is a time of change, and your GP can give you a clinical diagnosis of Menopause, or peri-menopause (which is the beginning of the change in your cycle and beginning to experience symptoms).

2. Talking to your GP about Menopause

Dr Nóirín O’Herlihy explains what to expect at your first GP visit to discuss the Menopause. Your GP will  discuss the symptoms you are having, e.g. hot flushes, sleep disturbance, mood changes, night sweats.

The GP will ask you about your menstrual history, your past medical history, family history and so on.

3. The Risks & Benefits of HRT

Dr Nóirín O’Herlihy explains the risks and benefits of HRT, and if HRT is a suitable option.

For example, HRT may not be suitable for you if you have had a recent heart attack or stroke, or hormone-sensitive cancer.

HRT benefits include symptom relief, and the risks are quite low. The side effects of HRT are described.

4. The Different Types of HRT

Dr Ciara McCarthy explains the types and formulations of HRT available. Your GP will discuss whether you wish to use HRT and which is the best type for you. There are different methods of delivering oestrogen doses, such as patches, capsules or vaginally.

5. Lifestyle Advice in Menopause & Perimenopause

Dr Ciara McCarthy explains that Menopause can be a significant life change, but making some simple lifestyle changes can make a positive difference, e.g. aerobic and weight-bearing exercise, dietary changes to ensure you are getting enough calcium and vitamin D.

Thank you for watching these videos and we hope you found them beneficial. If you have any questions or worries about your Menopause or peri-menopause, do contact your GP who can help you with clear advice and a plan to support you.

– Dr Ciara McCarthy, ICGP/HSE Clinical Lead, Women’s Health.

– Dr Nóirín O’Herlihy, ICGP Director of Women’s Health.


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